So many tips to take care of the smile effectively
Our smile is our calling card. Having your teeth yellow or stained by cigarette smoke or coffee, for example, or having bad breath, you know, does not give a good impression of us and can make those around us uncomfortable and have conversations with us, not to mention the discomfort that can be created in more intimate moments. But taking care of your smile and your mouth is an important issue not only for the aesthetic factor but also for the general health of the oral cavity and the whole body.
Our teeth, in fact, in addition to having the role of chewing foods so as to make them more easily digestible, affect for example also the way we speak or our posture and, without proper dental hygiene, can cause the formation of caries , gingivitis and other periodontal diseases also serious. This is why it is important to adopt a routine of oral hygiene with a lot of mouthwash, floss or toothbrush.
But what are the steps for proper oral hygiene?
In order to prevent most of the mouth-related diseases that can ruin our smile this way, it is essential to maintain a constant and thorough dental hygiene every day, so as to eliminate all those bacteria that are the cause of these pathologies.
In fact, not brushing your teeth every day and with care, it allows the proliferation of bacteria contained in food residues, thus forming the dental plaque. This plaque, which appears on our teeth in the form of an adhesive and colorless patina, if not carefully removed with the right tools, can turn into tartar and can be removed only by professional cleaning performed by a dentist or dental hygienist.
The prevention of tartar is fundamental, because its presence can irritate the gums thus triggering a process of inflammation, generating a series of dental and gum diseases such as periodontitis.
Let’s see then what are the daily practices to be performed to obtain a correct oral hygiene and always have a fresh and clean smile:
- Proper oral hygiene begins by brushing your teeth every day with a toothbrush at least three times a day and in any case after each meal;
- To achieve impeccable cleanliness, brushing should last from three to four minutes and should be done from top to bottom on the upper teeth and from the bottom to the other on the lower ones so as to best reach the interproximal space (ie the space between tooth and tooth), without irritating the gums;
- Once you brush your teeth with a toothbrush, the next step is to use a dental floss or, if you prefer a toothbrush. Even their use should be done every day, not necessarily every time you brush your teeth but at least once a day. Their purpose is to eliminate food residues and dental plaque even in those points where the normal toothbrush cannot reach, like the interproximal space;
- Finally, to complete the oral cleaning, the use of the mouthwash is used to help eliminate the last food residues and bacteria from the mouth, preventing the plaque from reforming. The liquid form of the mouthwash allows it to reach even the most hidden areas of the mouth, such as the throat area and the inside of the cheeks, thus disinfecting the oral cavity, refreshing the breath and remineralizing the teeth. Even the mouthwash can be used whenever you brush your teeth, as long as it is not alcohol based.
Among the tools that can be used as a support for the normal toothbrush, there are also special scrapers designed for cleaning the tongue, which must be used with movements that go from the bottom of the tongue to the tip so as to facilitate the removal of residues of food and bacteria deposited on it.
However, oral hygiene alone is not enough to take care of your smile. In fact, nutrition also plays an important role in the health of our mouth. This is why it is important to avoid all those foods and beverages that are harmful to your teeth.
It is above all foods rich in sugars or those that are acid to damage tooth enamel while other substances such as coffee, tea and red wine can stain them.
It is important to eliminate, or at least try to keep under control as much as possible, even some bad habits such as smoking and consuming alcohol as they can damage tooth enamel causing it to weaken.
Instead, it is essential to take a lot of water that lubricates the mouth, preventing the formation of bacteria.
We remember however that, despite a correct oral hygiene, it would be appropriate to perform an ablation or scaling from a dentist or dental hygienist at least once a year to remove excess plaque and tartar, formed in the corners of the mouth reachable only by special professional tools.