The irritable bowel diet includes some basic rules regarding the foods that can be consumed and those that must be avoided. Entrust yourself to a dietician who will advise you on the correct diet
What does the irritable colon diet include? Before answering this question it is good to try to understand what it is and what this disorder entails, which afflicts different people in the world. Irritable bowel syndrome is a common and debilitating condition, which mainly affects the female sex and occurs mainly between the ages of 20 and 50. If you suspect your symptoms, ask a specialist for a colonoscopy.
This disorder affects the final portion of the large intestine and manifests itself with discomfort and abdominal pain, which generally improves after evacuation. The clinical picture is rather generic, with symptoms (diarrhea and constipation, often alternating) that are not attributable to pathological alterations of the organ.
According to the findings of the studies, the irritable bowel syndrome would be attributable more than anything else to the psychological state of the subject, and could coincide with stressful events, both physical (bacterial or viral infections, surgical interventions) and psychic (anxiety, deaths, separations , social phobia). Often those who deal with this condition also suffer from migraine, depression, anxiety, chronic fatigue, cystitis, fibromyalgia and sexual problems.
Diet for irritable bowel: what to eat?
Many professionals believe that irritable bowel syndrome improves with the patient’s emotional balance. However, it is important to take care of food, following a few simple rules:
- ensure proper hydration of the organism, taking at least 1.5-2 liters of water throughout the day. In this way the faeces tend to have a soft consistency;
- consume foods rich in fiber (at least 30 g per day);
- eat at regular times and slowly, chewing the food well;
- choose light sauces (raw EVO oil);
- consume lean meat, so as to guarantee greater digestibility;
- consume bread, pasta, rice, oats, rye and barley in moderation;
- prefer seasoned cheeses;
- eat fruit away from meals;
- consume vegetables, which, thanks to a good supply of fiber, promotes intestinal peristalsis;
- take fish, fresh or frozen, at least three times a week, because it is light and digestible. However, it is better to prefer simple preparations and cooking (grilled, steamed, baked, baked).
But in the case of an irritable colon diet what to eat for breakfast? Breakfast is one of the most important meals, but it is often not clear how to maneuver. In the case of an irritable colon associated with diarrhea, an optimal breakfast can be based on soy milk, with added corn flakes or puffed rice. If, on the other hand, it is associated with constipation: wholemeal rusks, milk with whole grains or yogurt with bran.
Irritable bowel diet: what are the foods to avoid?
The irritable bowel diet also includes the elimination or limitation of certain foods, which could promote diarrhea or constipation. Not taking certain foods is so important, as understanding what is appropriate to consume, for this reason it is essential to rely on a dietician to establish the food plan to follow.
However, in general, it can be said that the foods to be avoided in the irritable colon diet are:
- tea, coffee and caffeine-based drinks, as they irritate the intestinal mucosa;
- alcohol, as they cause intestinal swelling;
- legumes, especially lentils and beans, which ferment in the colon and produce gas, causing intestinal pain and swelling;
- certain types of fruit, namely bananas, plums, apricots and pears, because they can generate meteorism and worsen, if present, diarrhea;
- sausages and cured meats, as they are too heavy for the irritable bowel, given the presence of additives (if you really need to consume them, it is better to opt for lean cuts);
- spices and spicy sauces, as they irritate the intestinal mucosa;
- fresh dairy products, because they cause irritation of the intestinal bacterial flora, generating attacks of acute colitis;
- bran, which, if taken in excess, can cause irritation of the colon;
- sweets, since they tend to worsen diarrheal episodes.