When we talk about female contraception we think most of the time about the pill. But there are also new comfortable intrauterine devices, safe and suitable for almost all women
The intrauterine systems, also called spirals, are certainly not new contraceptives, however since up to a few years ago those available could not be used by all women and above all they did not guarantee total coverage from the risk of unwanted pregnancies, this type of contraceptive very little was used.
For some time, however, even in Italy Jaydess is the smallest spiral that contains progesterone.
But how does it work? Who can use it? Are there any contraindications? Here is a brief guide to this
new female contraceptive.
A system with double function
According to the Congress of the European Society of Contraception and Reproductive Health (Esc) Jaydess is the most modern contraceptive on the market.
It is a very light, small and easy to insert intrauterine device that, in addition to protecting from unwanted pregnancies, reduces infection and premenstrual syndrome, thanks to the presence of progesterone contained in it.
Like all the old generation spirals it has a T shape but the difference compared to the others is that in the longest part it has a reservoir containing levonorgestrel which is released in minimal doses.
The local spread, in fact, is so small that women who use this new contraceptive continue to have their menstruation because ovulation is not blocked.
How does it work
Jaydess is suitable for women of all ages, even young ones and those who have not had children because the size of this spiral is very small.
The spiral is inserted into the uterus by the gynecologist between the first and the seventh day of menstruation, and possibly after 6-12 weeks from the birth, because it can also be used during lactation; it has a duration of 3 years, but obviously can be removed when the woman wants it.
Unlike the pill, the new female contraceptive does not alter ovulation but acts locally to prevent the sperm from rising to fertilize.
The released progesterone allows the coagulation of the cervical mucus which therefore acts as a barrier to both spermatozoa and germs; in fact the risk of pregnancies is practically non-existent and the infections, compared to copper spirals, are much rarer.
Pros and cons
The positive aspects of Jaydess are many: once inserted, one can forget about anything for three years and live sexuality peacefully; the menstrual flow is lighter and shorter, so it is recommended for women who suffer from hypermenorrhea and progesterone also alleviates the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.
Although in a small percentage, this new female contraceptive also has some drawbacks; some women, following its use, have found the appearance of ovarian cysts and continuous bleeding (in the first 6 months the losses are absolutely normal, over no). In these cases, the gynecologist usually recommends removing and replacing with a more suitable contraceptive.