Mycosis of the feet is a very annoying symptom that does not manifest itself only with itching and cracking. Let’s find out what are the causes, the symptoms, the remedies
The part of the body most exposed to fungal infections are the feet because they are often in contact with damp or contaminated environments, especially for those who regularly visit swimming pools or gym showers. It is a very annoying infection, which can be accompanied by inflammations that can affect the fingers, the plant or the nails directly. It is essential to understand the cause and the possible remedies to combat it.
Mycosis of the feet: the causes
When it happens that feet are sweaty but you are away from home and cannot be washed or change socks and shoes, in these circumstances the feet become a suitable ground for the development of mycotic skin infections.
The attack can depend on various types of fungi, it is therefore important to contact your doctor who can advise us to pay a visit to a specialist doctor, who will will give a more specific therapy.
mycosis of the feet are infections caused by fungi, microbes or bacteria that begin to develop between the toes and then extend to the sole of the foot and to the nails.
The pathogens that cause it, are known as dermatophytes, which manage to proliferate in warm-humid environments such as swimming pools or gym showers. The main causes of foot mycosis are:
- bad hygiene
- working in a damp environment
- excessive cleaning: which is performed with aggressive products that do not respect the pH of the skin and therefore go to destroy the hydrolipidic film ;
- socks and shoes that prevent perspiration and do not absorb perspiration;
- old age, due to
- reduction of the efficiency of microcirculation,
- slowing of nail growth,
- physiological decline of immune defenses
- excessive sweating;
- family predisposition;
- psoriasis ;
- walking barefoot in damp public places: such as swimming pools, gyms, changing rooms and showers ,
- athlete’s foot;
- small lesions of the skin or nails: a damaged nail or another infection;
- circulatory problems: such as peripheral arterial disease;
- disorders affecting the immune system.
Most common symptoms
The most common symptoms of nail fungus are:
- loss of their natural color: nails becoming white, black, yellow or sometimes greenish;
- become thicker;
- lose their natural shape and become difficult to cut;
- become fragile and brittle;
- can come off complete
- cause pain and discomfort: especially in the case of pressure;
- yellowish thickening: especially in the heel area;
- unpleasant smell
- peeling of the skin: it occurs between the toes
Sometimes even the skin around the nail can be damaged here are some symptoms:
- skin becomes more red and inflamed;
- itching appears;
- appearance of odor
The symptoms mentioned above are symptoms common to many other diseases, for for this reason it is appropriate to talk about it with the specialist, who can advise us to carry out in-depth examinations to formulate a certain diagnosis and consequently prescribe specific drugs. The symptoms, the type of mycosis and the extent varies from person to person, as well as the frequency, it can occur only once in life or appear frequently.
There is no need to be alarmed if it occurs often, not it is absolutely a serious health problem. however, the immune system can be weakened .
Types of foot mycosis
1. Athlete’s Foot
The most common form of foot mycosis is Tines Pedis or Athlete’s Foot which presents itself with sores and cracks between the toes, on the plant or on both feet. Unfortunately it spreads very easily and if no action is taken immediately, it becomes difficult to eliminate. The most common symptom is that the foot starts to itch, in rare cases it may even bleed and the presence of flaking or blisters emit a bad smell, even if you are very careful in daily cleaning. This form of mycosis mainly affects athletes, because their feet often sweat inside the shoes, which creates fertile ground for the development of fungi.
It is a fungal infection that frequently affects the toenails and very rare cases even those of the hands that are exposed to direct contact with heat or humidity. The color of the nails can change can become yellow or gray and moreover you can find white spots and cracks on the surface. In other cases the nail can thicken and become harder, even in this case the bad smell of the nail remains a common symptom of this infection.
Natural remedies to fight it
Fungal infections can not always be treated with natural remedies, the treatment depends on the intensity of the infection and will always be the doctor prescribe a suitable cure. However, some natural remedies can be added to the medical treatment of effective natural remedies
1 . Apple vinegar : disinfects the skin and regulates its pH, helps fight it and reduces itching. Just put 1 liter of water and 3 glasses of apple vinegar in a bowl, leave your feet soak for at least 10 minutes and then dry well with a clean towel. Alternatively you can brush the apple vinegar on the affected area, leaving it to act for a few hours, only if the fungus affects the nail.
2. Tea Tree oil : it has antibacterial and antifungal properties, it is an excellent cicatrizant. Put a few drops in a bowl of water to make a foot bath, or apply it directly to the affected area. It can be applied directly on the nails but it must be diluted with olive oil because alone it could yellow the nails.
3. Green clay : prepare an antifungal and cicatrising wrap that will also help disinfect the area of the foot affected by the fungus. In a small bowl put 2 tablespoons of green clay, 1 tablespoon of olive oil, 5 drops of tea tree oil and 5 of essential oil of cloves, add a little water to form your pack. Apply it directly to the affected area, then wrap it with plastic wrap and let it work for 30 minutes, then rinse with cold water and dry well with a clean towel.
4. Fresh lemon juice: is another effective remedy for fungal infections of the feet and nails. Thanks to its natural acids, they regulate the pH of the skin and therefore alter the environment necessary for the proliferation of fungi. Just pass the lemon juice on the affected areas and let it work for 20 minutes.
5. Sodium bicarbonate : it has an exfoliating and antiseptic action which accelerates the healing of the skin affected by mycosis. Form a paste with baking soda and water, then gently massage it into the affected area, let it work for 10 minutes and then rinse.
6. Garlic: contains sulphurous compounds that give it antifungal and antibacterial properties. Just finely chop a raw clove of garlic, which is rubbed into the skin and nails affected by fungus. Leave to work for 20 minutes and then rinse well and dry with a clean towel.
Medications to treat mycosis
In many cases it may be necessary to apply a cream, enamels or other similar remedies, to cure mycosis, there are several drugs with commercial antifungal active ingredients to be used locally, here are some:
The specialist will tell you which is the right therapy to follow. In some cases, however, it is necessary to use the antifungal orally, such as:
The doctor prescribes them in special cases such as:
- diabetic people: to avoid further complications,
- presence of pain or discomfort,
- important esthetic alteration
Drugs promote the growth of a new uninfected nail, which slowly replaces the infected part of the affected nail. Antifungals can cause side effects ranging from rashes to liver damage, so always follow your doctor’s instructions.
Tips to prevent it
It is important to follow these tips to prevent foot mycosis :
- to wear beach shoes : when you are by the pool or in public showers, such as gyms;
- wash and dry your feet well : especially after sports ;
- use only personal towels ;
- dry the area well between your fingers ;
- wash yourself with an antifungal detergent : after doing swimming in the pool
- wearing breathable shoes
- wearing cotton socks : because compared to synthetic ones, they let the skin breathe;
- disinfect socks and shoes : q This can be dampened with a few drops of tea tree oil, which will work as a natural antifungal,
- change socks every day and wash them with delicat products i: if you are sporty and love running , always carry a spare pair of socks with you so that you can replace them if necessary.