You have already heard of it but you have not understood what it is, we explain to you what magnetotherapy is.
Magnetotherapy is a non-invasive therapeutic technique that exploits the benefits of magnetic fields for healing and rehabilitation purposes. Electromagnetic waves have an action at the level of the tissues, accelerating the processes of ion exchange within the cellular membranes by stimulating and improving tissue regeneration.
Magnetotherapy: what is it for?
But what is magnetotherapy for? Magnetotherapy is particularly useful in the treatment of fractures since it accelerates healing, halving recovery times. Valid help also to relieve traumatic pain, post-operative pain and even chronic pain, to accelerate the healing of wounds, reduce inflammatory processes (in this regard also tecarterapia is very useful), for migraine headaches, muscle strains, tendons, ligaments and for the treatment of various osteoarticular pathologies such as:
- Osteoporosis, as it slows down the process of reducing bone density,
- rheumatic diseases
- Sudek syndrome
- diabetic foot
- carpal tunnel
Types of magnetotherapy
It is possible to distinguish three types of magnetotherapy based on the source used to generate the magnetic field:
- Static magnetotherapy
- Low-frequency magnetotherapy: Used mainly for treatments that favor bone reconstruction after fractures and against osteoporosis, it is performed with magnets whose frequency varies between 10 and 200 Hz
- Pulsed high frequency magnetic therapy: carried out with radio waves at frequencies between 18 and 900 MHz. It stimulates the cells in greater depth than the first two types and is used for circulatory diseases, for analgesic purposes of various kinds such as for the treatment of neuralgia, migraines, headaches, cervical and osteoarthritis.
How magnetotherapy works: equipment and duration of treatments
This is a completely painless process and magnetotherapy sessions have an average duration of 30 to 90 minutes. To obtain appreciable results, a minimum of ten sessions is normally required, which can also be performed every day. Of course, the duration and quantity of sessions can vary depending on the severity of the lesion to be treated and the pain encountered by the patient, therefore individual cases must be evaluated from time to time. The machinery consists of a magnetic field generator placed in the wall of a cylinder, inside which the part of the body to be treated is positioned. The most modern devices are portable and allow the patient freedom of movement during treatment.
Contraindications of magnetotherapy
Being a therapy without the use of medicines, magnetotherapy has very few contraindications, mostly it is not recommended to people in particular situations, such as pregnant women, children or carriers of electronic devices such as pacemakers, because in this last case the use of magnets could cause interference. Magnetic therapy is contraindicated in subjects suffering from tumors and is not recommended for all persons suffering from haematological disorders, coronary insufficiency, tuberculosis and endocrine syndromes, vascular problems, psychopathologies, epilepsy, hyperthyroidism, mycosis and some serious infectious diseases. In conclusion, magnetotherapeutic treatments, although they require further clinical investigations, generally do not produce relevant side effects and if used correctly and with adequate equipment they bring considerable benefits for various problems.